On October 21, 2019, the National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) brought to public notice the comprehensive umbrella of 2017’s crime rates. Under the Indian Penal Code (IPC), Delhi’s percentage share is 40.4 among 19 metros. Among all states and union territories, the capital Delhi stands on the first position in total crimes per 1 lakh population across 19 metropolitan cities in India.
Almost 100 more crimes were committed per million people in the year of 2017. This is largely significant in reference to the crime data of the years 2015-16. Particularly, the crime rate in Delhi has increased by 8 percent within a year’s time – to break it down – up to 11,500 crimes reported per million Delhiites.
Deputy Commissioner of Police (Crime) Rajan Bhagat said, “In Delhi, there is a facility to register First Information Reports online in cases of motor vehicle theft and other thefts, which may have increased the number of crime cases under these heads. This makes it statistically non-comparable with other cities where online registration is not available.”
We have carefully streamlined statistics for all types of crime data for an easy read.
Crimes against Women
The amount of crimes that have occurred against women has risen in 2017 by 6.68% weighed against the figures in 2016 and by 9% as opposed to 2015.
“ A bulk of cases under crimes against women were filed under ‘Cruelty by Husband or his Relatives’ (27.9%) which was then followed by ‘Assault on Women with Intent to Outrage her Modesty’ (21.7%), ‘Kidnapping & Abduction of Women’ (20.5%) and ‘Rape’ (7.0%),” the report mentioned.
In crimes against women, when put up against the data of Mumbai and Kolkata, it was found that the condition has aggravated in Delhi. According to NCRB data, 1,169 cases of rape were recorded in Delhi in 2017, whereas in Mumbai a small but significant number of 280 cases were reported. The third slot was taken by Jaipur by a record of 210 rape cases. Indore comes in at number four with 206 cases.
With 15 cases in Kolkata and none in Coimbatore, the places have consistently proved to be safe for women to live.
Among accidents on the road, Delhi topped again with 1,452 victims in 1,318 accidents that occurred as a result of sheer ignorance, while Chennai is coming in second with 1,404 victims in 1,312 road accidents. Here, 176 were hit-and-run cases and the vehicles that caused the accidents were not identified.
India saw 58,872 riots while the number of victims stood at 90,394. In comparison to this, a year ago the number of rioting cases was 61,974 and the number of victims was 73,744 (i.e. 169 riots and 202 victims every day).
The NCRB report shows an extreme decrease in recent episodes that happened due to caste conflicts. The report shows riots due to caste conflicts saw a 65 percent decline in 2017 in comparison to 2016. A close difference was observed in the number of victims. As per the report, 58,880 incidents of rioting were reported, of which the highest was reported in Bihar – 11,698, then Uttar Pradesh with 8,990 and Maharashtra with 7,743.
In 2017, Uttar Pradesh continued to have the biggest number of caste conflicts (346 cases) ensuing in riots but its overall figure saw some substantial drop. In 2016, the state alone accounted for 899 caste conflict-related riots.
In the gathering of crime data, murder, as a rule, stands as an important category linked to homicide, it can barely be attenuated by the police. Delhi has uncertain merit of being at the top in this area as well. The NCRB data on murder unveils that the capital city with 400 cases guides the homicide slab. Bengaluru (235) stands at the second position and Patna (183) finds itself third on the list. Mumbai which previously was known as a crime epicentre handled its crime rate to a certain degree and is now positioned at the fifth number with 127 cases of murder.
The NCRB has furthered some new-fangled classes to crime like stalking and voyeurism. In stalking, Delhi has 472 cases followed by Mumbai with 384 and Pune with 127. Many women in Delhi were subjected to being video-taped while undressing in the bathroom or trial rooms in shopping malls. Such cases get registered under voyeurism, these were reported the highest in Mumbai (39) while Delhi at 38 is no less in these obscene crimes.
Among so many others, the most recurrent crime in the capital city, Delhi, is auto lifting, which includes theft of two-wheelers, cars and commercial vehicles.
With 37,948 motor vehicles being stolen in Delhi alone, the list is ever-increased by cities like Bengaluru (6,155), Jaipur (4,900), Pune (3,169), Lucknow (3,101) and Mumbai (3,103). Kozhikode (113) and Kochi (121), both in Kerala, can be seen as populated metro cities where auto-theft is trivial in terms of numbers.
Crime against the elderly
The state Tamil Nadu has the highest reported crimes targeted at the elderly, particularly the murder of elderly people. The State stood second after Maharashtra in reporting mishaps of theft and snatching among senior citizens.
The statistics exposed that 187 senior citizens were killed in Tamil Nadu, then 153 in Maharashtra and 128 in Uttar Pradesh. Almost 63 senior citizens were the sufferers of attempt-to-murder cases in Tamil Nadu, which is the second-highest in the nation after Maharashtra which had 66 such cases.
A 77% increase in the number of cybercrime cases was seen in 2017 compared to 2016. Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Karnataka brought the highest number of such cases.
Comparing 2017’s total crime figures with 2016 and 2015, Delhi has the highest increase in crime rate among all other states and union territories.
In 2015, Delhi had 173,947 criminal cases under IPC even as in 2017, the total number of FIRs filed was 2,13,141. Bengaluru with 47,173 cases registered in 2017, in comparison to 35,576 in 2015, is the second most crime-prone city in India. And with only 3,087 cases registered in 2017, Coimbatore seems to be the safest metro in the country.
“The actual count of each crime per head may be underreported. This is because among many offences registered in a single FIR, only the heinous crime (maximum punishment) will be considered as a counting unit,” the report says. In fact, it does not even include crimes related to communal violence and lynching. These reports may just hide more than what they disclose.
It is intelligible to assume that an absolute rise may mean a drop in crime rate if the population has increased faster in the same period. Generally, it takes more than a year to collect and bring together the figures from the farthest of places across all the 36 states and Union Territories of India.
Additionally, police in places like Delhi, Mumbai and Kerala are held in confidence for the discretion of human rights and media infiltration could be registering more complaints, which results in high crime rates. Instead of police becoming restrictive, the stress should be on filing charge sheets, quick trials and ensuring convictions. For example, the data indicates that in 86% of rape cases police file charge sheets, but trial courts are able to set out of only 13% of pending rape cases. Provision of more resources to police and judiciary, as well as enhancing their efficiency, is the need of the hour.
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